This chapter offers a critique of the spectacle and its visibility in promoting possibilities of inclusion and includes sex gender as the conceptual basis for understanding the operation of power in making the spectacle and develops the argument already introduced about the merging of representation and the virtual with the material, enfleshed actualities of sport. Henry, 2004; Gillis, Mumford and Howie, 2007. This book is an innovative and creative critique of the theories and practices of feminism, revealing why it still matters in the 21st century, written by a mother and daughter author team. Despite its universal presence sex is difficult to define. Kath and Sophie Woodward write as two situated people who challenge the current distancing of feminist theories from lived experience and use discussion between past and present feminisms to reinvigorate what it means to speak as a woman and to engage with feminist politics today. The centrality of the body in sport is often taken for granted, but in this book I seek to unravel some of the diverse and complex meanings and practices of bodies in sport.
Secondly there are issues of what is said and what remains unsaid, for example about unravelling the discourse of widening participation and what sort of language is it that uses sport, and the games in particular to provide equal opportunities and how can the powerful forces which are divisive and exclude some people, be explained. Horne, John; Tomlinson, Alan; Whannel, Garry and 2012. Oates also applies the notion of authenticity to men's boxing. These are the voices of three young women in their early twenties and highlight the complexities of how young women position themselves in relationship to feminism. The bringing together of affect, emotion and feeling with social, political and cultural forces offers a creative, innovative and rich set of ways of understanding what Charles Wright Mills called the links between personal troubles and public issues.
About the Book: Gender, Identity and Reproduction draws on a variety of perspectives relevant to an understanding of reproduction across the life-course. The co-authorship of the book reflects a cross-generational dialogue within feminism, which demonstrates feminisms continued relevance in the 21st century. Purpose — This article aims to develop the methodological and intellectual approach taken in the authors' co-authored book to explore the synergies and disconnections in the experience of being in the academy at different historical moments using the inter-relationship between different feminisms in the context of the authors' lived experiences as a mother and daughter whose experience of the academy has crossed second-wave feminism into third wave. It is evaluated with colleagues from the Health Economics Research Group. Regulatory practices in sport are constitutive of the wider cultural terrain of social and political relations besides being shaped by those social forces Woodward, 2009. The target group of those under-represented in sport has been expanded to embrace a range of people who have been grouped together in an ambivalent and contradictory grouping of embodied selves on the margins of mainstream sport and society.
Kath Woodward is Professor of Sociology at the Open University. Sport is also news as exemplified through sporting times through which the media coverage of sport engages with the now, as well as discussing the now in relation to past performance and predicting future form in movement across time. We trace both the shifts and continuities in thinking between different iterations of feminist thinking to consider the three core fields of: gender, sex and sexuality; intersectionality and activism; theory and methods. This is a book about embodied sporting practices. We trace both the shifts and continuities in thinking between different iterations of feminist thinking to consider the three core fields of: gender, sex and sexuality; intersectionality and activism; theory and methods. Regulating and Regulatory Bodies Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan. David Bowie provides an excellent illustration of the focus of this article, representation.
Rules matter in sport, but regulatory practices go beyond what is and what is not permitted on the pitch, track or field, in the ring or the pool. This book is a timely intervention in critical analyses of the role of the Olympic Games in contemporary social, cultural, economic and political life in 2012, when the Games are held in London. This article takes the case studies of music and clothing collections in the home to explore the possibilities for developing comparative research into everyday consumption by focusing upon personal collections. In order to understand and address these persisting concerns, we have argued that it is important to establish connections and continuities in feminist thought. Men's boxing is a sport with successful, high profile and affluent participants and one that includes many of the very much less well off. Taken-for-granted communications technologies have had an impact on lived experience and on embodied experience and appear to present a trajectory of change that is understood as progress.
The book considers whether an interrogation of the systems and processes through which power operates is sufficient to explain the endurance of inequalities, notably those which are based on the binary logic of sex gender. As has already been suggested, a focus upon bodies and their specificities can be troubling for the embodied selves situated on the margins, who are the targets of policies of social inclusion and diversity; there is always the danger of being reduced to the body and to body practices at the expense of intellectual achievements and possibilities. Written by a mother and daughter authorial team, the book presents a dialogue across generations and reinstates a politics of difference and the importance of the category of 'woman'. Sport is a commodity, like many others — a means of making a living for some and of generating wealth. Cyberspace has become routine; you can shop there, organise your social life, your financial life, even your working life.
Beauty pageants are still held, although now sometimes framed by irony; yet ironic misogyny is still misogyny. The social sciences routinely debate questions of society, and of the relationship between individuals and the social world in which we live. Chapter 3 explores the to and fro of remembering and re-remembering which is frequently invoked in sport, whether in commentary, following and fandom or in the enfleshed experiences of training which is so often informed by the observation and rehearsal of previous performances. It aims to widen the remit of qualitative research methods to incorporate the material. These bodies are also physical in the sense that they are material and involve social institutions, but the living human body has been seen as distinctive because, unlike, inanimate matter, the living body has some notion of consciousness or intentionality attributed to it. This chapter focuses upon a different set of processes from those that were the subject of Chapter 2, and develops those of Chapter 5, namely the processes that are involved in looking and spectatorship and at debates about representation. Rather than diminishing in light of political gains relating to gender equality and diversity and the promotion of equal opportunities, popular culture has become more sexualized and even, as some critics have suggested, pornogrified Levy, 2006; Paul, 2005 , which has led to more activism to combat the more negative aspects of this trend Bindel, 2015; Long, 2014; MacKay, 2015.
Bodies invoke the senses and sensation and, in explaining the status of the category woman and a politics of difference, embodiment carries specific meanings as well as generating problems and questions. It explores the tensions between fixity and fluidity and the interrelationship between social and psychic worlds to develop a theory of dynamic belonging to explain some of the dilemmas of attempting to stabilise the self in a world so often characterised by uncertainties and insecurities. British Identities Since 1707 2 pp. Feminism has crashed since the heyday of its 1970's second wave, allegedly a dirty word to many young women. Bodies are material and bodies matter, especially when things go wrong, but they also matter when things go right. She charts theoretical developments and contentious debates in the field with contemporary and relevant examples which will resonate with a wide readership. A focus on sex gender is offered as a means of making material the enfleshed exclusion of categories of person.