Series Title: Responsibility: by Albrecht Classen. So there's a totally different aspect, and these two discourses have been blended and merged in the course of time. Even if chastity belts used to enforce medieval fidelity were not real, modern-day chastity belts, sold as fetish objects, definitely, definitely are. Kate Goldbaum, Staff Writer Kate Goldbaum is a staff writer for Live Science. Humor and comedy are huge and complex topics closely associated with epistemology, anthropology, sociology, medicine, and even philosophy.
Classen likens the chastity-belt myth to another widely held but similarly incorrect belief: that medieval people thought the Earth was flat. They have removed it, because they found it is not authentic and at many castles and museums these things, suddenly very quickly disappear, I hope also as part of my book on my research, because I deconstruct that myth. It's hard to disprove an idea once it's firmly lodged in people's minds. A Case Study of the History of Myth-Making: Introduction. University Distinguished Professor Albrecht Classen, Ph.
In , professor Albrecht Classen explains that the use of chastity belts is not well-documented in medieval literature. According to Classen, Kyeser was a German engineer and artist, and the concept for the chastity belt appeared in the afterword of his treatise. In 1967 appeared a volume with the drawings by Ugo de Vargas y Machuca and the comic verses by Joseph Bepi Nider Histrico with the title La cintura di castità Roma: Ex typographia Julia, 1967. Long before them the Italian author Pitigrilli had published a collection of comic tales, entitled La cintura di castità, 11th ed. Rachael Kohn: Well for those who had been lucky enough to be in certain museums in Europe, they would have seen examples of the chastity belt on display. Pachinger in Linz is on plate 1 in the appendix.
Rachael Kohn: I suppose we should say at this point that the chastity belt is always made of metal, some kind of metal? The controversial product, which was accused of placing the burden of rape prevention on victims rather than perpetrators, gained notoriety in 2013 after the company launched an Indiegogo crowdfunding campaign. Washington Irving, in his 1828 biography of this famous discoverer, presented a most impressive scene of Columbus facing the Council of Salamanca 1487 and arguing for the validity of his conclusions that it would be possible to sail all the way west to reach China. . For more on this subject, check out the wonderful book by Albrecht Classen. Wikimedia Commons A 16th-century German satirical colored woodcut of a woman in a chastity belt. Albrecht Classen: We have no chronicle account, either the man or the woman, we have no serious writing, no romance, no text whatsoever where any poet from the time, Middle Ages, following to the 15th and 16th century would talk about it. Fully understandable and I support that very, very much, but unfortunately that was the wrong object.
I could get hold of one copy from the Staatsbibliothek Berlin through Intelibrary Loan, and I would like to thank the staff at the Main Library of the University of Arizona for their tireless efforts to secure this copy for me. In July 2016 he gave a workshop on recording on youtube In Medieval manuscripts and facsimiles; the treasures of our collection He has also published nine books of his own poetry, most recently , and , or Hawaiische Impressionen 2013 Gnothikon. Classen thus believes that the chastity belt existed in history as something of a lark, and most references to chastity belts appear to be satirical or allegorical. Rachael Kohn: Well given the continuing interest in this myth, what's been the reaction to your study, which shows that this has been more or less untrue? Yet, there is no firm evidence that chastity belts were ever used in reality. What Was The Chastity Belt? The design of the chastity belt was said to have varied by region, though they all had the same basic design.
Rachael Kohn: Yes, in the bad old days of patriarchy. Rachael Kohn: What about the literature about the knights, for example, who went off to fight the Moors and made sure that their wives or their women were padlocked so no-one could get to them or perhaps they couldn't get up to hanky panky when they were gone. His argumentation demonstrates not only a profound knowledge of a large corpus of sources in multiple languages, but also a high methodological level of reflection. He has published more than 90 scholarly books, critical editions, translations, and textbooks, and 9 poetry volumes of his own May 2017. Medieval People in on the joke Around the 16th century, we see more satirical illustrations, engravings, and woodcuts featuring the chastity belt. That's on The Ark, with me, Rachael Kohn.
So that is then a very clear indication that those museum pieces, they look really very splendid until today nicely polished, that these were really made in the 19th century. What you referred to as the control of sexuality per se, that is what the church fathers talked about. The last English-language translation appeared in 1964 New York: Medical Press of New York. The Medieval Chastity Belt: A Myth-Making Process. Masters, The Cradle of Erotica: A Study of Afro-Asian Sexual Expression and an Analysis of Erotic Freedom in Social Relationships New York: The Julian Press, 1963 , 59. But I think the interesting parallel here is that we do have a number of scholars, very famous scholars around 1900 and they were anthropologists, ethnologists, people who were very interested in the history of woman, they published books like The Woman, and tried to deal with all kinds of anthropological evidence, and since the world Pacific, Australia, Africa, wherever, is primitive and poor women were suffering from all those horrible things you just have mentioned, and I think they're still practiced to some extent today, circumcision for women, awful! The earliest descriptions of chastity belts are mostly found in religious texts. Rachael Kohn: Well I know that there are 8 686 000 hits on Google for chastity belt.