When it comes to elections, campaigns matter. That elite network understood, consonant with recent critical theories, that legal symbols could shape worker consciousness. They were, however, met by an opposing camp which did not want the states to lose their independence. A structural model indicating the greater importance of prohibition as an intervening variable compared to partisanship or turnout at the grass-roots level of voting behavior explicates the sources of direct and indirect support for suffrage while it also demonstrates the influence of educational commitment in determining suffrage voting patterns. For each law, he examines the forces and circumstances that led to its enactment—the power struggles between rival interests, the competition between lawmakers and the administration, the compromises and principled stands, and the impact of the legislation and its place in American history.
However, a small number of laws have risen to the level of historical consequence. This acceleration is correlated with the incidence of U. That program, he said, was the G. This research utilizes time series methodology to statistically test this claim, and finds that a more conditional view of the Voting Rights Act is appropriate. The occupation of the last remaining tropical forests has been an initiative of many developing nations that is debated by the global community due to impacts on soil erosion, biodiversity loss and contributions to global climate change. The enactment of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 marked the culmination of a system of direct interregional highways known as the Interstate System.
The Recovery of Western Europe--The Marshall Plan of 1948 9. . I learned a great deal from this book. For each law, he examines the forces and circumstances that led to its enactment--the power struggles between rival interests, the competition between lawmakers and the administration, the compromises and principled stands, and the impact of the legislation and its place in American history. I learned a great deal from this book. It was one year from euphoria to defeat.
These are the laws that have shaped America, and they are the subject of this book. Johnson is professor and former associate dean of the George Washington University Graduate School of Political Management, Washington, D. However, a small number of laws have risen to the level of historical consequence. Women Gain the Right to Vote--The Nineteenth Amendment of 1919 5. The Grand Contract--The Social Security Act of 1935 7.
The ensuing debate was decided in favor of the former and in 1787 a constituent Constitutional Convention gathered in Philadelphia produced a federal Constitution. The Laws That Shaped America Appendix: Other Major Legislation About the Author Dennis W. Johnson vividly portrays the story of fifteen major laws enacted over the course of two centuries of American democracy. Which laws so affected us that we could not imagine how our lives would be without them? The Promise to America's Veterans--The G. While aging groups are of various types and seek to fill a variety of functions, there is reason to focus on one category—the mass-membership organization—as especially important in helping to give shape and focus to widespread latent sentiments in the old age population.
The great challenge remained of how to strike a balance between the power of the central government and the authorities retained by the different states, a lingering, unresolved issue that would eventually lead to a cataclysmic Civil War 1861—1865. Creating a complete picture of the evolution of this crucial yet over-utilized resource, this comprehensive summary will fascinate anyone interested in the Colorado River or the environmental history of the Southwest. Grassroots campaigns can work either by mobilizing public opinion or by persuading political leaders that grassroots opposition exists to a particular program. The rather striking success of three such groups—the American Association of Retired Persons-National Retired Teachers Association, the National Council of Senior Citizens and the National Association of Retired Federal Employees—can be analyzed in terms of their having found sources of income outside member dues, having created bureaucracies re cruited on the basis of performance criteria rather than charisma and having capitalized effectively on the emergence in recent years of a more benign climate for old age activity. Which pieces of legislation were the most significant for the development of the nation? The Promise to America's Veterans--The G.
Ribbons of Highway--The Interstate Highway Act of 1956 10. The Promise of Land--The Homestead Act of 1862 and the Morrill Act of 1862 4. To shed light on the legal debate over new forms of workplace collaboration, this Article reexamines the origins of the National Labor Relations Act of 1935. This article highlights the independent influence and importance of contrasting conceptions of politics, and of the appropriate division between public and private worlds, to shaping the arguments and proposals of these two early environmentalist leaders. One group will inevitably describe it as America's environmental magna carta, hallowed for its prescient policies and for its unprecedented requirement that federal agencies disclose to the public the likely effects of their proposed action.
Protecting the Environment--The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 13. Which have had an immediate or lasting impact on our society? On the evening of September 23, 1993, I sat in the gallery of the House of Representatives for President Clinton's speech introducing the administration's Health Security plan. This article examines group lobbying for and against President Clinton's health care reform plan. It reflects the kaleidoscope of special interests and unselfish service to others, of favors sought and sacrifices made. Arguments against development range from the irreversible nature of tropical deforestation to the synergistic losses associated with environmental degradation and continued poverty. Traditional axes of opposition and support for suffrage are examined, establishing that stable sources of suffrage support originate most often from Protestant and northern European constituencies with the exception of Germans , whereas southern Europeans and Catholics except for Germans generally show no consistent patterns.
Johnson vividly portrays the story of fifteen major laws enacted over the course of two centuries of American democracy. By 1871, the country was a democracy. After their victory over the British monarchy they became 13 separate states whose representatives convened, as needed, in a national Congress. In reply, Reed argued, in part, that the voucher system was really nothing new. Most enactments have limited impact, affect few, and are quietly forgotten in the flow of legislative activity. It reflects the kaleidoscope of special interests and unselfish service to others, of favors sought and sacrifices made.