If everything he knew was from the master, the master should get the credit. Jobes, these lectures cover the historical background for each book focusing on authorship, genre, date, and content, as well as an exploration of the major themes in each book. The historical framework defined by the name of the author better serves the exegetical task, which would indeed be how a pseudepigrapher would have intended it to be read. Or perhaps the academic study of the New Testament seems too dry and disconnected from Christian life. Some have described such attempts as desperate, as if no historical argument can plausibly be made.
These are ancient books that were written in a time and place quite unlike the modern setting in which we read them today. But even the Gospels written to tell about the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus were written a few decades afterward and within particular circumstances that motivated their authors to write as each did. Without the mass production and widespread distribution used by publishers today, it could take many years for a work to be copied, circulated, and eventually gathered as part of the New Testament corpus. In the Letters to the Church course, respected New Testament scholar Karen Jobes introduces the cultural and theological background of Hebrews and the general epistles. Summary Respected New Testament scholar Karen Jobes explores the cultural and theological background of Hebrews and the general epistles James through Jude in this rich commentary. Writing from an evangelical perspective, Jobes addresses issues of historical relevance as well as how these ancient books connect with Christian faith and practice today.
Please note that a Going Further bibliography is provided at the end of each chapter for those who wish to pursue further study of a topic or who need to find additional resources for a term paper. If you have any questions, please review our or email us at. . Cerego's technology is built on proven memory science that helps students learn faster and remember longer. There was a time when the New Testament did not exist. Authorship, date, context, main themes, and difficult passages are addressed for each letter.
Baker Photo Archive Once Gentiles began to come to faith in Christ in great numbers, it did not take long for heresy to become a problem for the apostles. The terms catholic and epistle come from the period of time when the Christian church spoke koine Greek, the language in which the New Testament was originally written. It also was used to refer to the list of such texts. Various, minor topics were addressed almost in passing, certainly not qualifying as major features of their respective chapters, but then questions were asked about them as though they were major features. Moreover, Hebrews and, to a lesser extent, 1 John, include many rhetorical qualities that are not found in common correspondence of that time. In the period in which the New Testament developed, the word canon was used to refer to a standard or text that was authoritative and normative. All of these things were no doubt commonly understood by the original readers in the first century; however, because we have not grown up in that culture, reading texts in koine Greek or biblical Hebrew and Aramaic, our work is to study to learn as best we can about those things that will inform our reading of the New Testament books.
Jobes utilizes the best of biblical scholarship but presents it in a manner that beginning students will understand. It seems to me that the idea that the New Testament books are largely a created fiction of the later church apart from the apostolic witness, as many critical scholars would argue, calls into question the resurrection of Jesus as a historical event by rejecting it as sufficient motivation for those alive at the time to have written about it. You can also access these from the Resource Guide when it's applicable to the passage you're reading, providing additional context. All books of the New Testament refer to events that happened in the first century of this era i. These forms of persecution took place from the very beginning, starting with Jesus and then experienced by his apostles as well. In our day, authors have sometimes adopted a pen name for various reasons, such as Samuel Clemens adopting the pen name Mark Twain. When it was discovered that the letter was pseudonymous, and had actually been written by an elder of a church in Asia Minor, Tertullian reports that the elder was removed from office in shame, even though he confessed to being motivated only by love for Paul Bapt.
Anyone who interacts with Jobes' wonderful exposition of Hebrews and the General Epistles will benefit greatly. Many of us many thanks before hand internet marketing willing to check out match people! The designation of these books as general epistles is rather recent. It is not necessarily a commentary in the proper sense of the term , but rather it is an excellent introduction to each of the letters. Writing from an evangelical perspective, Jobes addresses issues of historical relevance as well as how these ancient books connect with Christian faith and practice today. Jobes is the Gerald F. To my late mother, Dorothy E.
Their travels and work recorded in the book of Acts provides the narrative introduction to the entire corpus of New Testament epistles. On one end of the spectrum are those who have no belief in a unified canon of the New Testament and who do not see these ancient texts as normative for life today. ¹ The term derives from the Greek words pseude false onoma name. Previously for many centuries, these books were referred to as the catholicepistles. If you have come to read the Bible through the church and for devotional purposes, you might not appreciate that these texts that seem so familiar — the Psalms, Gospels, and Epistles — are actually quite foreign to us.
Some of the sections on authorship were far too lengthy given that the authorship of books like Hebrews is neither here nor there. These two concepts must be kept clearly distinguished, for while it is true that canon in the second sense, as a list of texts authoritative for the universal church, did not come to its completion until the fourth century, the individual books of the New Testament were canonical in the first sense of the word, as authoritative and normative, from the time of their origin. The New Testament epistles are different from these narrative accounts, because the authors of the letters address real questions, issues, and circumstances that were of concern at the time rather than recounting events from a previous time period. Each letter is a discourse written by an individual author who wrote for a purpose that arose from a specific occasion or situation that has been largely lost to us. Bacchus, the Greek god of wine.
Jobes, who is the Gerald F. The practice of ancient pseudonymity as it relates to the Scripture is a very different thing, because the actual author is not the same person as the named author, and the named author is generally someone of renown whose authority and reputation would be assumed for the text. The Resource Guide will automatically pull up charts from any relevant sources while you're studying. Highly recommended for anyone wanting to dive more deeply into any of these books of the Bible. Publisher's Description Respected New Testament scholar Karen Jobes explores the cultural and theological background of Hebrews and the general epistles James through Jude in this rich commentary.
Although the Gospels are first in the sequence of books we call the New Testament, they were almost certainly not the first of the New Testament books to have been written. If this book has an image of what you're looking for, the Resource Guide will let you know. Baur proposed that the Pastoral Epistles had not been written by the apostle Paul. They are not intended in any way to be or imply an endorsement by Zondervan, nor does Zondervan vouch for the content of these sites and numbers for the life of this book. Neither were the errors frequent enough or egregious enough to erode my confidence, however; mostly she used the original languages well, but there were times when I was left rereading a paragraph to see if she had really said what I thought she'd said e. This book uses the words epistle and letter as virtually synonymous, while recognizing that epistle is a word that is becoming archaic. The Diatesseron suggests that the four gospels we know from the New Testament were the same four authoritative gospels known to Tatian.