These frameworks ensure that such traditional cultural expressions are available for further innovation and creativity. Book publishers without the appropriate rights could be punished for violating the copyright of the publisher who was authorized to produce a work. We remain grateful for the many authors who were willing and able to meet our deadlines and remain with the project to its completion. There was also no financial reward to protect either. It should be noted that the intellectual property policy space is full — meaning that laws and policies have been promulgated worldwide and thus policy recommendations must by necessity focus on increasingly technical and detailed areas. This general overview should highlight that while the debates surrounding issues of intellectual property are not new, the political, social and technological context within which these debates are made remain very relevant and continue to evolve.
Intellectual property rights evolved as limited monopolies granted over innovative ideas and inventions and were designed to strike a balance between private remuneration and the public good. In the creation of this collection we, the editors, made efforts to ensure that the collection brought together contributors from every continent, and we have been successful in that ambition. The most popular examples include sparkling wine, or Champagne, which can only be called Champagne if it comes from the appropriate region in France. Producing goods under a trademark without authorization is called counterfeiting and companies spend an enormous amount of time and energy seeking to stop counterfeit goods from entering the market as legitimate products. Currently, she works as a research assistant at the University of Zurich on a research project for the digitization and restoration of archival film. Bethany Klein is Senior Lecturer in Media and Communication in the School of Media and Communication, University of Leeds. Sarah Ives addresses the connections between race, indigeneity, and natural resources in South Africa in her research.
Whilst it is debatable who should be allowed to claim property rights in innovative products, another question is whether ownership incentivizes differently between the arts and the sciences, and whether such incentives are financial or moral in nature. Before starting his academic career, he was a practising lawyer in Taiwan specializing in technology and business transactions. That being said, the chapters in this volume demonstrate that even a narrative of North—South rebalancing cannot fully encapsulate the complexity of approaches and attitudes to international intellectual property law. Types of intellectual property protection were of use to businesses seeking to defend intangible assets from misappropriation by other businesses legal or otherwise. Third, the handbook makes clear that issues of intellectual property remain central to concerns over technology transfer, economic development and efforts to achieve the United Nations millennium Development goals.
She is also a member of the Singapore Copyright Tribunal. It questions classic legal approaches and involves the interface of anthropology and law. It will also greatly benefit law or political sciences postgraduate students with an interest in intellectual property and traditional knowledge, traditional cultural expressions, and development. Chris Rojek is Professor of Sociology at City University, London. The underlying inherent nature of social relations has evolved over time. Despite significant differences in what is covered by the legal regimes that are generally known as intellectual property and our understanding of real property, the term is designed to draw a direct parallel with those rights accorded to owners of physical forms of property.
He is called to the Bar in Nigeria and Canada. Both issues are examined through a survey on the weak public recognition of intellectual property law and folklore in Chinese society. In fact, a significant theme that runs through the entire collection is the effort to offer a critique of the status quo and avenues for improvement, whether these are minor repairs or substantive overhauls of the policy space. However, we, the editors, are grateful to the contributions of all the authors in this collection, as their insights, complementary and in tension as they might be, have provided us with the inspiration for just such an ambitious next project — one that may try to bring some level of synthesis to the global debate about intellectual property and its future. It includes personal fieldwork research in selected countries and puts light on the political, socio-economic and environmental dimension of the topic.
Should they be protected by law and if so, how? The editors in this case waived any advance because it was feared that those costs of production that could be set against any royalties due to the editors such as in securing rights on images and graphics used, compiling the index etc. However, our strict attitude to reviewing and of requiring authors to maintain the highest standards of depth and clarity in the work that we were willing to accept also meant that some interesting work was lost along the way. This is most acutely observed in the changing relationship between creative authors and fans of their work. We would also like to extend a particular thanks to Johanna Schenner and to Ana Portela for their help with translation. Academic advice and other helpful input came from beyond the contributors alone, and we would particularly like to thank: Ann Bartow, Richard Bruce, Julie Dent, William Gallagher, Chris May, Matthew Petrasek, Laurie Onuizka, Caroline Ncube, Tobias Schonwetter, Martha Woodmansee, Siva Vaidhyanathan and Majid Yar. As such, this collection is but one node in a constantly evolving debate that marks an area of significant study, an area that will have an impact on how innovation, creativity and technology are owned and operated into the future. As patents have evolved today, they protect inventions and offer a more limited timeframe of protection than copyright but with more absolute monopoly control.
D from Queen Mary, University of London. The idea of organizing a collection made up of as many such different disciplines as possible is therefore a task not for the faint hearted. For all that, it is no less committed to social justice. Some countries have established concrete protection systems, like Panama, and made useful experiences. These debates rage today as the idea of intellectual property becomes one of the driving economic principles of an information age economy and states reconfigure their national laws to better protect not simply the flow of tangible products, but also to ascertain ownership of property rights in the intangibles protected traditionally by intellectual property laws.
The ease of copying associated with computer programs has meant that people sought to share these products without purchasing them. Arapostathis, Edward Elgar, 2013 , Intellectual Property and Human Development: Current Trends and Future Scenarios with T. Widely published in law and interdisciplinary platforms, he is the author of International Law and Indigenous Knowledge University of Toronto, 2006 , Intellectual Property in Global Governance Routledge, 2012 , and co-editor of Innovation and Intellectual Property: Collaborative Dynamics in Africa University of Cape Town, 2013 , and Knowledge and Innovation in Africa: Scenario for the Future University of Cape Town, 2013. We see this volume as moving the debate forward regarding issues of intellectual property. Fourth, these chapters build upon the vast literature that has set the stage for our understanding of intellectual property in the information age.
A patent protects inventions, business methods and designs, but, more broadly, patents also now protect different aspects of computer programs they can also receive copyright protection , living organisms, seeds, ways of doing business, and much more. Natasha Whiteman is Lecturer in Media and Communication at the University of Leicester. The rise of file-sharing in relation to the music industry has given music fans new scope to circulate content beyond the control of traditional copyright holding record companies. We also see these contributions as addressing a broad range of concerns about the impact of contemporary and future intellectual property laws across a wide range of geographic regions, levels of development and potential new formulations of intellectual property. In fact, without the widespread revolt of so many of our authors, it is unlikely that altering the contract would have been accomplished. Martine Jonsrud for the early stages of practical editing, then Judi Berger and Gemma Shields for taking on this mountain of logistical headaches, technical and contractual tangles and for getting the whole thing rounded up into something close to a reasonable timescale. We learned as much about the respective administrative bureaucracies from hosting this symposium as we did about intellectual property itself.